一件 另一件的英语(另一件英语怎么写)-酷途网
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一件 另一件的英语(另一件英语怎么写)

Under vs Below vs Beneath vs Underneath

UNDER, BELOW, BENEATH, UNDERNEATH can all mean IN A LOWER PHYSICAL PLACE.

UNDER, BELOW, BENEATH, UNDERNEATH均可意为 “在……下面,在……下方”。

UNDER:

UNDER is the most frequently used word to say that one thing is at a lower level than another and it can also be used to say that one thing is covered by another thing and these two things are touching.

UNDER是表示“在……下面,在……下方”最常用的一个词,也可用来指某件物品被另一件物品所覆盖,有接触面。

★ We sat

under

the stars and listened to the night sounds.

★ 我们坐在星空下,听夜的声音。

★ Keeping the boxes

under

the bed helps to save space.

★ 把箱子放在床下有助于节省空间。

★ The cat was sleeping

under

the blanket.

★ 这只猫正在毯子下面睡觉。

UNDER can mean “guided by or managed by” 由…管理、经营。

★ The restaurant will be

under

his management starting in March.

★ 自三月起,这家饭店由他管理。

★ There would be no new taxes

under

his leadership.

★ 在他主政期间不会增加新税种。

UNDER can also mean “in a condition or state” 在下。

★ The shopping center is

under

construction until next year.

★ 该购物中心正在建设中,明年完工。

★ Under normal conditions, only about 20 to 40 percent of vitamin E is absorbed.

★ 正常情况下,仅有20%到40%的维生素E会被吸收。

UNDER can also mean “lower than in age”.

UNDER可用来表示年龄低于……。

★ It is unlawful to buy cigarettes if you are

under

21 years of age.

★ 未满21岁,购买香烟是非法的。

★ It is unlawful to buy cigarettes if you are 21 years of age or

under

.

★ 21岁或21岁以下,购买香烟是非法的。

UNDER can also be used as a prefix. As such, it can mean “below” or “less than an expected or correct amount” and can be an adjective or a verb.

UNDER也可作前缀,表示“低于预期或实际的数量”,构成形容词或动词。

★ I cannot permit you to enter this club. You’re underage.

★ 我不能让你进这个俱乐部,你还未成年。

★ They undercooked the chicken. I can’t eat it now.

★ 鸡肉没有煮熟,现在没法吃。

UNDER expressions:

under the weather:

If you say that you are under the weather, you mean that you feel slightly ill有点不舒服

★ I was still feeling a bit under the weather.

★ 我还是觉得有点不舒服。

under the law: in conformity with law or subject to the law按法律规定或受法律约束

★ We are all equal under the law and everybody must obey the law.

★ 法律面前人人平等,人人都必须遵守法律。

under arrest: in custody of the police or other legal authorities被捕

★ The man suffered serious burns and has been placed under arrest.

★ 该男子被严重烧伤,已被逮捕。

under one’s breath: in a very quiet voice, almost inaudibly用非常小的声音说,甚至听不见

★ He swore violently under his breath.

★ 他小声地咒骂着。

BELOW:

BELOW is mainly used when two things are not touching and on the same plane.

BELOW通常用来表达两个物体没有接触面,在同一平面上。

★ He lives in an apartment directly below Andy’s.

★ 他住在安迪家正下方的一个公寓里。

★ There's a tunnel 100 meters below the surface.

★ 地表下100米处有一条隧道。

We can also use BELOW when we look at a reference point.

低于某个参考点,用BELOW。

★ The Temperatures remained

below freezing

all day.

★ 气温一整天都保持在冰点以下。

★ Her work was well

below average

for the class.

★ 她的功课远在班级的中等水平以下。

★ One significant finding is that 20% of children live

below the poverty line

.

★ 一个重要发现是,20%的儿童生活在贫困线以下。

★ Death Valley is 86M below

sea level

.

★ 死亡谷位于海平面以下86米。

BELOW can also mean “lower than in height and temperature”.

BELOW可用来表示温度或高度低于……。

★ Temperatures in the Midwest fell

below

zero last week.

★ 上周中西部地区的气温降至零度以下。

★ In Leh and Ladakh, the temperature always dips

below 0°c

.

★ 在列城和拉达克,气温总是在0°C以下。

BELOW can also be used when identifying someone of a lower rank.

BELOW可用来表示某人级别较低。

★ In the U.S. army, a lieutenant is below a captain.

★ 在美国*中,中尉的头衔低于上尉。

★ Andy is below Cathy in the rankings.

★ 安迪的级别低于凯西。

NEATH is a very old English word that means UNDER.

NEATH是一个非常古老的英语单词,与UNDER同义。

BENEATH and UNDER can be interchangeable, but BENEATH is more formal and less common in spoken English.

BENEATH与UNDER可互换使用,但BENEATH比较正式,在英语口语中不太常见。

★ He could feel the soft ground

beneath

his feet.

★ 他能感受到脚下的土地很柔软。

★ She found pleasure in sitting

beneath

the trees.

★ 她喜欢坐在树下。

★ No matter where we live on the surface of the Earth, we all live

beneath

the stars.

★ 无论我们生活在地球的哪个角落,我们都生活在这片星空下。

★ When I arrived, my daughter was sleeping like a log

beneath

her blanket.

★ 我到的时候,我女儿盖着毯子睡得正酣。

UNDERNEATH has a similar meaning to UNDER and is a more formal way of saying UNDER and it is more emphatic. We usually use it when one thing is covered or hidden by another thing on top.

UNDERNEATH与UNDER意思相近,比UNDER更正式一些,语气更强。通常指某样物品被另一件物品所覆盖、所掩盖。

★ The device exploded

underneath

a van.

★ 该装置在一辆货车底下发生了爆炸。

★ Your life jacket is

underneath

the seat.

★ 救生衣在座位下面。

★ This jacket's too big, even with a sweater

underneath

.

★ 即使里面穿一件毛衣,这件外套也太大了。

BELOW, BENEATH can refer to people or things that are unworthy in some way or of a lower social ranking.

BELOW, BENEATH可用来表达某人或某物不值得、不够好或社会地位较低,意为“不如、配不上”。

★ He considers such jobs

beneath

him.

★ 他觉得这种工作有失他的身份。

★ Some people think that they are special and we are all

beneath

them.

★ 有些人认为自己很特别,觉得我们都不如他们。

★ Some people think she married

below

her family.

★ 有些人认为下嫁了。

Beneath, Underneath can also refer to hidden personal qualities or emotions.

Beneath, Underneath也可以用来指隐藏的个人品质或情绪。

Underneath

her cool exterior, she was really very frightened.

★ 她外表冷静,其实内心十分害怕。

★ He seems bad-tempered, but he's very soft-hearted

underneath

.

★ 他表面脾气暴躁,实则菩萨心肠。

★ Somewhere deep

beneath

the surface lay a caring character.

★ 在内心深处的某个角落里藏着一颗爱心。

★ There is a sad person

beneath

that happy face.

★ 快乐的面孔下住着一个悲伤的人。

Practice:

Choose the best answer for each sentence. Some sentences have more than one possible answer. Write your answers in the comments section.

1. I do not want to engage in small disagreements. Such behavior is _______ me.

2. In school systems, teachers are _______administrators.

3. A cat ran _______ the car this morning and has been hiding there for hours.

4. The temperatures in summer here usually do not fall _______ 85 degrees Fahrenheit.

5. I have a good friend who lives ________ me in my apartment building.

6. This game is suited for children ages 10 and _________.

7. The university’s English program is ________ new supervision.

Answers:

1. beneath / below

2. below

3. under / underneath / beneath

4. below

5. below

6. under

7. under

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